Andrey Melkov about post soviet realities of education in Ukraine and Russia

Surely, it’s Church History. I have been interested in it since my student years. Church History practically was not studied and it’s methology was actually absent in the post-Soviet expanse because of the dictates of Marxism and historical materialism in historical science for decades. At present, it’s necessary to fill this serious gap in science.

6. Which project did you work at?

My dissertation was devoted to the research of life and scientific heritage of archpriest Alexander Gorsky (1812–1875), Moscow Theological Academy’s rector, outstanding clergyman, church historian, divine and specialist in archaeography.

7. What were the most impressive things in the mentality of the people in Ukraine?

I respect and admire the feat of Ukrainian people. I saw the Academy’s students and professors stand together for defeating European and Christian values taking active part in public Veches, which took place in Uzhhorod and Kyiv. Most of all I was impressed by exactly this feature of Ukrainians going together till the end to the Victory as well as their fortitude and great love to their Motherland.   

8. What are your impressions on the town, student campus and academic institution? How did you settle down?  Which preferences and bonuses have the students of your educational organization?

Uzhhorod is a very beautiful and cosy town, situated in the very west of Ukraine, bordering on the Slovak Republic.  The Academy has all the opportunities for comfortable and students’ habitation. In the connection of the fact that Uzhhorod is a small town, the students' dormitory is located not far from the educational building. Considering the Academy to be a religions educational institution, all he students have various obedience’s: singing in the choir, praying in the Academy’s church. There is also an opportunity to take part in pilgrimages and get acquainted with the life of other religious confessions.

9. How do the students of your high school rest?

Just like all ordinary students, they go for walks, communicate, listen to the different music, play football, in winter they are found of skiing and skating. Anyway, they try not to forget, that they are students of religious high school and they exemplify their behaviours of the folks about them and the whole society as well.

10. What is your opinion about Russian and Ukrainian educational systems’ abilities and do we need Europeanization of this system?

First of all, the system should respond its main requirement to give qualitative professional education. Unfortunately, Russia and Ukraine face the same problems there. Dismantling of the old Soviet system in favours of the European one has been done too early. That’s how we last many old school system’s achievements but didn’t succeed in the development of the European system’s advantages. Sometimes we had the worst Soviet examples left and the best European ones rejected. For instance, in Russia and Ukraine the scientific degree is still set by the government but not by the university itself. Such a necessary principle as the autonomy of a high school is also almost undeveloped. An absolute control by the government makes for the growth of bureaucracy and formalism, which affects an educational process and the development of universities in a negative way.

Of course, in this case the system needs to be Europeanized and liberalized. Though, we should make a completely different approach to the reformation of high education. I’m sure we will get power and abilities to afford it.

Научный портал "Quadrivium"